Best Programming languages Developers should learn in 2018

Software development is a vigorous field where technologies, frameworks and programming languages may shift, change, or dissolve within a few years. This is the reason, good developers are life-long learners and in constant search of ways to polish their skills for a hyper-competitive world.

The world of programming is full of action with new programming languages being written, old languages being replaced and frameworks being created. As the technology world continues to grow especially with the oncoming deluge of Internet of Things (IoT), the need for programmers and other affiliated coding skills continue to rise. With over 600 unique programming languages, it is important to know which is the best programming language that one should choose for better future career prospects.  If you’re looking to learn a programming language, this is not a random question, because learning the right language can drastically improve your career chances! Programming languages are developing at high speed and new languages are constantly replacing outdated ones.

To help you solve this dilemma, we have come up with a list of most in-demand programming languages that every developer should learn in 2018, which has arrived at after analyzing hundreds of thousands of job postings on job search engine ‘Indeed’ that contained the name of a programming language, stack, or framework.

1. Swift

More popular than Objective-C, this is the language for developing native iOS or Mac OS apps and is the programming language with the most potential for reshaping the future. Native apps have been found to outperform cross-platform hybrid apps, and SpriteKit makes it even easier to build 2D games. Indeed, it builds itself on the successes of C and Objective-C without the constraints of compatibility.

It was heavily influenced by Ruby and Python and is considered user-friendly and fun to use. Operating as a high-level language, generally being easy to maintain, Swift is a general purpose, a multi-paradigm language developed by Apple for iOS. So if working with Apple products is your niche, this is the language for you. Being a statically typed language means that Xcode checks your errors for you, so your errors are easier to track down, and further, as the definition of things is more definite, it operates faster.

2. Ruby

A general purpose, object-oriented programming language born in 1993 by Yukihiro Matz Matsumoto. It’s 5 times more in demand than Python, and one of the fastest growing programming languages, seen only in Java for the most projects completed. In fact, Ruby is so easy to use you can create an app in it in under 10 minutes. Groupon, Airbnb, Pxlr, and Bloomberg are all coded in Ruby, as well as many more.

Ruby operates as a dynamic, object orientated because it reads like English, it makes the code easy to read. It’s needed to maintain code databases for many high-end websites, so Ruby’s demand is increasing, so much so that it’s become common within DevOps roles, i.e. the engineers ensuring the reliability and efficiency of the servers running websites with high traffic. Depending on your company’s needs, this could be the one for you.

3. JavaScript

JavaScript is the most widely used programming language in the world and it looks like it will keep its top spot for the foreseeable future. JavaScript is a universal programming language which shows a great level of flexibility and performance. It is free to use, easy to learn, and easy to implement (both in web and hybrid mobile applications). All these reasons combined make it the perfect cross-platform programming language.

It’s crucial for getting into web development, and learning this language paves the way for front-end development and back-end development. It might not be as useful as Python or Java, but it’s generally easier to pick and do something tangible with, in part because of all of the accessible UI features.

For making interactive things for the web, Javascript is to go, you’ll see immediate results from your coding efforts with little tools. Adding on to this, Javascript usage has extended to include mobile app development, game development, and desktop app development. It’s definitely exploded in popularity and is definitely one of the best programming languages out there.

4. Python

Compared to last year, Python has increased in popularity by about 5,000 job postings. Python is a widely used high-level programming language used for scientific computing, data mining, and machine learning. Python is the easiest coding language to learn for the first time learners. In order to become a seasoned professional, every beginner should at least know this language. Several libraries have been created for Python related to mathematics, physics and natural processing due to its use in the educational field. Tech giants like Google and Yahoo along with NASA, PBS, and Reddit use Python for their websites.

5. Java

Java decreased in popularity by about 6,000 job postings going into 2018 compared to going into 2017, the analysis found. However, it is still an extremely well-established language, used by millions of developers and billions of devices worldwide. Additionally, all Android apps are based on Java, and 90% of Fortune 500 companies use Java as a server-side language for backend development. You must have to learn this programming language in 2018 if you are looking to make your future as a mobile app developer.

6. C++

Like JavaScript, C++ remained as popular as it was in early 2017. C++ is a general-purpose programming language based on C language. It has imperative, object-oriented and generic programming features. C++ is a powerful, high-performance language used to build system software, games engines and desktop and web apps. According to Coding Dojo, although many programmers find C++ complex to learn and use and prefer Python or JavaScript, it remains in use in many legacy systems at large enterprises.

7. C#

C# (pronounced “C sharp”) went down slightly in demand this year. C# is an object-oriented programming language from Microsoft designed to run on Microsoft’s .NET platform and to make development quicker and easier than Microsoft’s previous languages. C# 7.2 came out in November, adding several new features geared toward avoiding unnecessary copying. C#, like C++, is heavily used in video game development, so aspiring video game developers would do well to learn both of them.

It was designed with simplicity and ease of use as a priority, and because it’s a high-level language it reads closer to English. As a language, C# abstracts the complex details of the computer so you as the developer can focus on programming instead of worrying about the little details.

8. PHP

PHP is a server-side scripting language, which is used in the creation of numerous dynamic and e-commerce websites. Today an 80% of programmers are using this language. It has so many frameworks including, Zend, Laravel, Cake PHP, and Codeigniter, which are its topmost frameworks. As per recent calculations over 10 million websites are developed in PHP. That is the reason to learn PHP in 2018 will become the best decision as it opens wide doors of career options along with a nice package.

9. Perl

Perl is known as a family of languages. “Perl 6” is part of that family; however it is a completely separate language with its own development team. Its presence has no major influence on the current development of “Perl 5”.

On the other hand, Perl 5 is extremely feature-rich, the proficient programming language with more than 29 years of development. It operates on over hundred platforms mainframes to portables. It is very suitable for both large-scale and rapid prototyping development projects.

In spite of dropping about 3,000 job postings, Perl is still on the list. “Perl 5 and Perl 6 are both persisting along and Perl remains to be popular for network and system administrators as an adhesive language.

10. Rust

Rust came in first place in 2016 with the Stack Overflow Developer Survey for what developers loved most. Rust popped up as the programming language developers loved most (at 79.1%). Indeed, new developers love Rust. Developed by the Mozilla Foundation, the open source Rust programming language operates as a low-level language, suited for performance critical code.

What’s most interesting about it is that it emphasizes safe code (i.e. the objects are managed by the programming language from beginning to the end). Rust might be the new kid on the block, but it contends with C++ and C as a potent programming language with its resource management algorithm. It borrows the concept of mutable borrowing to make resource management a streamlined, elegant process.

Picking the right program is vital, so really think about what it is you’re trying to accomplish with it. Like learning any new language, you want to be able to be fluent and flexible, and able to apply it in a variety of contexts.