How to Get Your First Job as Full Stack Web Developer?

It is the most popular Developer occupation today. Its no wonder then that there are dozens of online and in-person programs that will help people Become full stack Developers land high paying programming jobs. Some online programs can be found everywhere. Aside from these online programs, there are also in-person coding Bootcamps that are teaching people the skills required to become web developers. We will provide you with the definitive guide to what we believe are the most important skills to become a full stack web developer today and land a job if you have never coded before.

The Definitive Guide

A full stack Web Developer is one who is able to work on both the Front-end and Back-end portions of an application. Front-end generally refers to the portion of an application the user will see or interact with, and the Back-end is the part of the application that handles the logic, Database interactions, User authentication, Server Configuration etc.

Being a full stack Developer doesn’t mean that you have necessarily mastered everything required to work with the Front-end or Back-end, but it means that you are able to work on both sides and understand what is going on when building an application. If you want to become a full stack Developer then you should learn few of the things of list.

1. HTML/CSS

Almost every single program, whether online or in person, that is teaching you how to be a Web Developer will start with HTML and CSS because they are the building blocks of the web. Simply put, HTML allows you to add content to a website and CSS is what allows you to style your content. The following things related to HTML/CSS come up often in interviews and on the actual job when you are working:-

  •  Semantic HTML
  •  Be able to explain the CSS box model
  •  Benefits of CSS pre-processors
  •  CSS media queries to target different devices and write responsive CSS.
  •  Bootstrap

2. Javascript

The Javascript language is growing more popular every year and new libraries, framework and tools are constantly being released. It is the most popular language in both full-stack, Front-end and Back-end development. It is the only language that runs natively in the browser and can double up as a server-side language as well. There are some topics we need to understand as a full stack developer:

  • Understand how to work with the DOM. Also must know what is JSON and how to manipulate it.
  • Important language features such as functional composition, prototypal inheritance, closures, event delegation, scope, higher-order functions
  • Learn to do proper structure of your code and modularize parts of it, things like web pack, Browserify, or build tools like gulp will definitely be helpful to Understand.
  • Know how to use at least one popular framework.
  • Although some may argue that you should be using this less or its slowly dying, JQuery code still exists in most applications and a solid understanding of it will be very helpful.
  • Learn about some important new ES6 features.

3. Back-end Language

Once you feel that you have got the good grasp on HTML and JAVASCRIPT then you want to move on to a Back-end language that will handle things like Database operations, User authentication and Application logic. All Online Programs and Bootcamps usually focus on a specific Back-end language, and in reality, it doesn’t matter which one you learn so much as long as you understand what is going on and you learn the nuances of your chosen language. You will get a lot of responses if you will ask different people for which Back-end language to use, so there is a list of popular combinations.

  • NODE.JS

This is a great option because Node.js is itself just a Javascript environment which means you don’t need to learn a new language. This is a big reason why a lot of Online programs and Bootcamps choose to teach Node.js. The most popular framework you would most likely learn to aid you in developing Web Applications is Express.

  • RUBY

Some popular frameworks for development are Ruby on Rails and Sinatra. Plenty of programs teach ruby as a first Back-end language.

  • PYTHON

Some popular frameworks for developing in python are Django and flask.

  • JAVA

This language is not taught so much these days when it comes to full stack development, but some companies do use Java as their Back-end and it is still in demand.

  • PHP

PHP is rarely taught in programs these days, but just like with Java, it is still very in demand and it is a cornerstone of the web today.

4. Databases and  Web Storage

When you are learning to build Web Applications, at some point you will probably want to store data somewhere and then access it later. You should have a good grasp on the following things related to Database and Storage.

  • Understand the benefits of Relational Data
  • Learn about NO SQL Database e.g mongo DB
  • Understand which could be better in certain situations
  • Know how to connect a Database with your chosen Back-end language
  • Scaling Database, ACID, and ORM.

5. HTTP and REST

HTTP is a Stateless Application Protocol on the internet – what allows clients to communicate with servers. Some important topics which we should learn about are:

  • What is REST and why is it important in regards to the HTTP protocol and Web Applications.
  • Best practices for designing a RESTful API.POST/GET requests.
  • Learning how to use chrome dev TOOLS can be extremely helpful.
  • What are SSL certificates?

6. Web Application Architecture

Once you think you have a grasp on HTML/CSS, Javascript, Back-end programming, Databases, and HTTP/REST, then comes the tricky part. At this point, if you want to create a somewhat complex Web Application, You will need to know how to structure your code, How to separate your files, Where to host your large media files, How to structure your data in your Database, Where to perform certain computational tasks and much more. Best practices that you can read about application architecture is by working on a large Application yourself that contains several moving parts or even better, working on a team and together developing a somewhat large/ complex Application.

This is why ,for example, someone with 7+ years of experience may not necessarily know CSS or javascript better than someone with 2 years of experience, But over all of those years they have presumably worked with all sort of different Applications and Websites and have learned how to architect and design applications to be more efficient and can see the “Big Picture” when it comes to development.

  • Performance optimization for applications and modern browsers.
  • Some opinions on what a web application architecture should include.
  • Designing web applications by Microsoft.
  • MVC
  • Most important is you should try to work on projects with people.

7. Git

It is a version control system that allows developers working with a team to keep track of all the changes being made on a codebase. It’s important to know a few important things related to Git so that you understand how to properly get the latest code that you have missed, update parts of the code, make fixes, and change others code without breaking things.

8. Basic Algorithms and Data Structures

This is somewhat polarizing in the developing world because there are developers who don’t think there should be a heavy focus on computer science topics like tree traversal, sorting algorithm analysis, Matrix manipulation, etc. in Web Development. While there are companies that practically require applicants to have a computer science degree or equivalent, there are plenty of companies that will hire people without this technical qualification if they can prove that they know how to Develop Applications of the whole domain.

  • Know when to use an Object vs an Array and understand the trade-offs
  • Learn why Caching is so important while working on large data.
  • Learn the difference between Queue and Stack.

It will be hard work learning all of this, but its rewarding in the end and Full Stack Development is fun